German Producers Lead European Offshore Wind Growth
With 27,214 MW of installed capacity, Germany continues to lead European offshore wind growth. The country added 1,493 MW, including 108 MW offshore in 2010. Wind energy generated 37.3 TWh of electricity in 2010, which accounted for 6.2% of the country’s power consumption. In total, 17% of electricity was generated from renewable sources in Germany in 2010, with wind being the single largest contributor.
The leading German federal state in terms of wind power deployment is Lower Saxony with 6,664 MW of wind power capacity. A number of states now generate more than 40% of their electricity from wind energy: Saxony-Anhalt (52.14%), Mecklenburg-Vorpommern (45.37%) and Schleswig-Holstein (44.1%).
According to the Germany Wind Energy Association (BWE), the country could host 45,000 MW of onshore and 10,000 MW of offshore wind by 2020. Generating approximately 150 TWh/year, wind energy would then deliver about 25% of German electricity consumption.
According to the EU Renewable Energy Directive, Germany has a target of 18% renewable energy in final energy consumption. For the electricity sector, the government’s target is 38.6% of renewable electricity by 2020.
Repowering can and will play a larger role in Germany in the future, and it is estimated to have the possible to double the quantity of onshore wind capacity and to triple the energy yield in Germany with tremendously fewer turbines deployed. However, repowering is only slowly gaining pace considering in quite a few situations it is only economical after 15 or more years of operation of a turbine. Only 183 MW had been installed in repowering projects in 2010, in spite of this the rate must strengthen greatly and by 2015, 6,000 MW will be older than 15 years and prepared for repowering.
Offshore wind energy in Germany grew to 108 MW in 2010, and this is expected to reach 3,000 MW by 2015. To date, 24 projects have been licensed by the national maritime authority and the Federal States, bringing the overall capacity close to 7,000 MW. The costs for connecting offshore wind farms towards the mainland grid are taken over by transmission systems operators, and they’ve began to plan for connection lines for clusters of offshore projects. Three 400 MW HVDC light lines have already been performed.
The Advantages of Wind Turbine Systems
Wind turbine systems generally refer to units that help in conversion of the kinetic energy of the wind to rotational mechanical energy that can in turn be made into electricity. This process is accomplished using turbine blades. These systems can help to generate several kilowatts of free electricity. They are popular electricity sources in remote houses, log cabins and farms that have no suitable access to the mains electricity. They are more efficient in areas that normally receive plenty of wind. The following is a list of advantages that has further increased popularity of wind turbine systems.
The energy produced is environmental friendly since these systems do not generate greenhouse gases. In addition, there are no harmful residues that are left behind. Anyone looking for green energy that they can use in their remote farms should consider using these turbines.
No energy is required to run the systems. As long as you live in an area where there is strong wind, the system will keep running and generate plenty of power for use in your farm. This will save you the unnecessary expenses of purchasing the costly fossil fuels.
They can help in lowering the cost of your regular electricity power tremendously. In fact, many people seeking to lower their energy bills are using the wind turbine systems as supplementary power alternatives to keep their cost of power down.
The initial cost of purchasing and installing the costs of the wind turbine generator is normally high and can discourage many clients but the advantage comes in that one saves a lot of money afterwards. You make a lot of savings from the free electricity the systems will generate afterwards.
The turbine generators provide you with independence by eliminating your burden of paying your utility bills. When you have these turbine generators in your farm, you are no different from another person with a power generating plant.